The sudden and fast fall within the amount of tomatoes introduced to numerous mandis throughout India within the final week of June created a demand-supply mismatch. This led to a fast enhance within the retail value of the staple vegetable. The worth of tomato zoomed previous ₹100 per kilogramme (kg) mark on the final day of June in at the least 50 cities, most of them in Uttar Pradesh, the place the diploma of fall in amount at mandis was comparatively excessive in comparison with different States.
Chart 1 | The chart reveals the modal retail value of a kg of tomato in India prior to now one month.
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Modal value is the worth at which a kg of tomato is purchased most incessantly in markets throughout the nation on a day. Within the first 24 days of June, the modal value was ₹20 per kg. Within the final week of June, the modal value surged to over ₹50 per kg. On the final day of the month, it peaked at ₹100 per kg.
The elements behind the abrupt fall within the amount of tomatoes dropped at mandis different throughout India. Usually, yield suffered resulting from comparatively excessive temperatures throughout summer time. Furthermore, unusually sharp spells of rain within the northern States additionally impacted manufacturing. The truth that July-August is a lean manufacturing interval compounded the issue. Studies present that many farmers within the Kolar district of Karnataka shifted to beans owing to the upper costs the vegetable fetched final 12 months.
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Chart 2 | The chart plots the amount of tomatoes (in tonnes) that had been dropped at mandis throughout India within the final week of June between 2020 and 2023.
This 12 months, within the final week of June, 62,842 tonnes of tomatoes arrived on the mandis, the bottom within the final 4 years. In reality, this was over 50% and 80% decrease than the amount that arrived at mandis in June 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Chart 3 | The chart reveals the amount of tomatoes (in tonnes) that had been introduced to numerous mandis throughout India within the final 4 weeks of June 2023. (There have been 5 weeks in June 2023).
The chart reveals that within the second, third and fourth weeks, the amount introduced was on the anticipated degree, however crashed abruptly within the final (fifth) week. In comparison with the second, third and fourth weeks of June 2023, the amount within the final week declined by 55%, 45% and 35%, respectively.
Chart 4 | The chart reveals the sudden rise in tomato costs. It reveals the typical retail value of a kg of tomato in India in June between 2009 and 2023.
Regardless of the fast enhance within the retail costs within the final week of June 2023, the typical value of tomato was solely ₹32.5, given the a lot decrease costs within the earlier three weeks. This was decrease than the typical retail value of ₹52 per kg in June 2022. The June 2023 common value was additionally decrease than the worth in June 2019 and June 2016.
Chart 5 | The chart reveals the amount of tomatoes (in tonnes) dropped at mandis throughout States within the final 4 weeks of June 2023. Knowledge from Tamil Nadu was not out there.
The amount dropped at mandis in Uttar Pradesh crashed from 12,500 tonnes within the second week to simply over 5,300 tonnes within the final week — a 58% drop. This was the steepest drop amongst States. Maharashtra recorded a 52% drop whereas Andhra Pradesh noticed a 31% decline.
Map 6 | The map reveals the typical retail value of a kg of tomato in rupees on June 30.
In 51 of the 473 cities analysed, the costs touched or crossed the ₹100 per kg mark. 13 of those had been in Uttar Pradesh. Ahmednagar in Maharashtra recorded the very best common retail value (₹123 per kg) among the many cities thought-about. Bellary in Karnataka, Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh, and Dhar in Madhya Pradesh are the opposite cities the place the retail value crossed the ₹110 mark.
Supply: agmarknet, the Ministry of Client Affairs, Meals and Public Distribution and the Nationwide Horticulture Board
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